Formula: Ettingshausen Effect Temperature gradient    Electric Current Density    Magnetic flux density (B-field)    Ettingshausen coefficient

Formula: Ettingshausen Effect

Temperature gradient

Temperature difference in a current-carrying conductor which is in a magnetic field \(B_{\text z}\). The temperature difference is caused by the deflected electrons in the magnetic field due to the Lorentz force. Because the slow electrons are deflected more than fast ones, one side of the conductor (e.g. a Hall plate) becomes cooler than the other.

The temperature gradient in this case arises in the \(x\) direction.

Electric Current Density

Electric current through the conductor, which in this case is directed in the \(y\) direction. This current is deflected in the magnetic field due to the Lorentz force, which is why a temperature gradient is created.

Magnetic flux density (B-field)

The magnetic field penetrates the current-carrying conductor perpendicularly and in this case points in the \(z\) direction.

Ettingshausen coefficient

Ettingshausen coefficient is a material-specific quantity. This coefficient determines how well the temperature gradient can be formed due to the external magnetic field.

+ Perfect for high school and undergraduate physics students
+ Contains over 500 illustrated formulas on just 140 pages
+ Contains tables with examples and measured constants
+ Easy for everyone because without vectors and integrals

Learn more